Despite all of the upheavals mentioned in the previous lectures, the Jewish community continued to produce scholars and leaders who embodied the ancient traditions of total devotion to Torah study and Divine service. Many of their works are studied with great interest till this day and provide the student of Talmud with an unceasing source of joy and excitement. Among them was Rav Yonosan Eibeshuetz, one of the most brilliant yet controversial scholars of his day, the author of numerous works including the Urim VíTumim, Kreisi UíPleisi, and Yaaros Dívash, Rav Yaakov Yehoshuah Falk, the author of the Pínai Yehoshua, Rav Yaakov Emden, the author of the Mor UíKetzia, Sheíelas Yavetz, and other classics, and Rav Yechezkel Landau, the author of the Noda BiYhudah and Tz'lach. In the first section of this lecture, we very briefly touch upon the lives of some of the leading Jewish Torah scholars of the seventeenth century. In the following section, the main part of this lecture, we focus on the life and times of HaRav Yechezkel Landau, the author of the Noda BiYhudah, one of Jewry's greatest saints, scholars, orators, and diplomats, who was involved, to some degree, with every major controversy of the eighteenth century.
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