The beginning of the nineteenth century witnessed yet another attempt to resettle the land, as distinguished disciples of the famed Gaon of Vilna, imbued with his love of Eretz Yisrael, initially settled in Tzefas, Safed, and later in Jerusalem. Their efforts were met with great resistance, as obstacle after obstacle stood in the way of their attempt to create a spiritual and scholarly community, the Kollel Perushim, based upon the teachings of the Gaon of Vilna. Rav Mendel of Shklov and Rav Yisrael of Shklov, both great saints and scholars and close disciples of the Gaon of Vilna led these efforts. Their story is the subject of this lecture.
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